A Day – Written by Todd D. Bennett of ShemaYisrael.net

The Scriptures describe this existence beginning in darkness and then light being imparted into the darkness

The light was called day, which is “yom” (mwy) in Hebrew. The darkness was called night, which is “lilah” (hlyl) in Hebrew.

The Scriptures then describe the first measurement of time involving the division points between the light and the dark.

The following statement is critical to our understanding of time. A common translation reads:

And the evening and the morning the first day.”

(Beresheet 1:5)

Evening is the transition from light to darkness and morning is the transition from darkness to light. Here we can see here that the concept of a day beginning in the evening. This is consistent with the pattern of Creation as Creation began in darkness, and then there was light added to Creation.

Likewise, each day begins in darkness until the light is revealed at dawn. Every day is like a reminder of creation itself

Interestingly, many translations miss what really went on here. During this event we see a separation and then a unification, which resulted in the creation of a day.

Elohim actually took darkness and light and united them together as a day. We know this from the very Hebrew text which literally states:

“And exist evening and exist morning day unified (echad).”

The text includes the word echad (dja) which can mean: “one or unified”.

If the text simply wanted to mention the “first” day as in order, it likely would have used “rishon.” Yom Rishon means first day of the week, and rishon shares the same root as resheet – “first.”

While echad can be used in the cardinal or ordinal sense, the use of the word echad versus the word rishon in this text has profound implications. The unifying aspect of the word adds an entirely different flavor, and we can see that something started here.

The fact that the Scriptures state “Yom Echad” points to something special, more than just the order of appearance.25

Through this unification Elohim actually created a day, which would progress in a cycle from evening to night to morning to day. The two divided and separate concepts of night and day, darkness and light, were essentially stitched together at evening and morning to form a cycle.

And of course the reason YHWH used “Yom Echad” or “Day 1,” instead of “Yom Rishon” or “First Day,” was to signal for all of creation that his was the day from which they should begin the count until the restoration of all things.

The beginning of every 7 day cycle typically begins with “Yom Rishon,” but only the beginning of the first day of creation began on “Yom Echad.”

The word for “evening” in Hebrew is ereb (bru), and the word for “morning” is boker (rqb). These words, although apparent opposites are very much alike. Both transition the day and the night, although in opposite sides of the cycle. The word ereb literally means “see the head of the house” while boker literally means “house back head.” Both include the head and the house.

We know that the “ereb” is a time of encroaching darkness when the sun has set. With this fading of light we begin a new day. As darkness sets in it becomes harder to see without the light of the sun. “Boker,” on the other hand, is a time when things become discernable. It is the time when the sun starts to come forth again at the dawn.

These two times are very important, and the ereb includes a time often referred to as “twilight.” This special time will receive more attention as the discussion progresses. The boker includes a time known as “the dawning of the day,” which also has great significance.

As we shall see, this newly created concept of time, known as the day, is full of patterns and it is gauged from evening through morning to the following evening.

That is what constitutes a day, known as “yom” in Hebrew.26 The Messiah asked the question: “Are there not 12 hours on a day?” (Yahanan 11:9).

In this passage Messiah was speaking about night and day. According to this understanding it is generally understood that each yom contains 12 hours of night and 12 hours of day although the hour is not included in the description of Creation, nor is it mentioned in the entire Old Testament except for two instances in Daniel that deal with the timing and fulfillment of certain events.

The Scriptural and physical division points used to distinguish between the light and the dark are sunset and sunrise rise, but for the first three days the sun did not exist, or emanate light.

There are some in the Hebrew Roots movement who propose that a day is limited to just the light portion of a day cycle. While on the surface it appears to be technically correct, this way of thinking really demonstrates their naiveté of the Hebrew language and thought process

Only a western thinker would come up with this type of thinking

In many of the Walk in the Light series books, the importance of understanding the Hebrew language and eastern thought is critical to understanding the Scriptures

This is a real transition for westerners who actually think differently than easterners.

It is a proven fact that eastern and western languages not only write in opposite directions but they also effect the way people think

While westerners are very linear and abstract in their thought and speech

Easterners are cyclical and concrete

If you want to properly understand creation, you need to think like an easterner

When you begin to start thinking cyclical instead of linear it makes perfect sense

Of course we are given a wonderful example of this combination of the light and darkness in when we saw the Yisraelites fleeing from the Egyptians at PiHaHiroth on the shores of the Red Sea

19   And the Angel of Elohim, who went before the camp of Yisrael, moved and went behind them; and the pillar of cloud went from before them and stood behind them. 20

So it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Yisrael. Thus it was a cloud and darkness to the one, and it gave light by ta-night to the other, so that the one did not come near the other all that night.

Exodus 14:19-20

The Angel of Elohim moved in between the Yisraelites and the Egyptians

The cloud between them provided Darkness to the Egyptians and Light to the Eqyptians

The text literally states: “Exist the cloud and darkness and light et-the night”

The Darkness was  = JKRv$Oj – chosek

And the light was obviously = owr

This is the same chosek or darkness that existed at the beginning and the same light that was spoken into creation

So this Angel of Elohim, previously referred to as YHWH in Exodus 13:21-22 when it described a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night was here is the cloud providing light to one and darkness to the other

The cloud and the fire were unified – Echad and notice the Aleph Taw (ta) affixed to the night

So we see another example on unifying light and darkness as was done on Yom Echad

Still some are promoting what is known as a boker to boker day

In other words, they gauge a day from morning to morning

This directly contradicts the Scriptural definition of a day as we shall soon see

These people are essentially inventing new concepts

This often derives from the fact that when some recognize that they have been deceived by their religions and traditions they begin to question everything, and often are too quick to disregard accepted knowledge


Again, they often do this with a flawed understanding of Hebrew thought and the Hebrew language. We have to be very careful as western thinkers trying to understand and interpret eastern thought and texts.

The use of the word “yom” to describe the light part of a day AS WELL AS the entire cycle of a day is not an unusual thing at all.

The Scriptures are very clear that the full day operates from evening through morning and the fact that it refers to day as light as well as the full day should not pose a difficulty

Hebrew often uses many different words for the same thing or the same word for different but related concepts

This is really not uncommon in Hebrew

In fact, it is pointing to a greater fulfillment

Take for instance the word Hebrew word moshiach means “anointed” and it can refer to a priest or a king which all provide patterns and pictures for a greater fulfillment through The Moshiach – The Messiah

Even better we see the Hebrew word “shamayim” which means “heavens”

It can mean our physical sky

or it can mean space

or another dimension all together where the Creator dwells

There are a variety of ever expanding meanings for the same word

Another similar example involves the word Yisrael

Originally the name of a man with 12 sons, then a nation with 12 tribes, then a united Kingdom with one King – the Whole house of Yisrael

Later divided into two parts – House of Judah and House of Yisrael

So Yisrael refers to a part and a whole

Yisrael is like a day

The House of Yisrael is like the light of the day

The whole House of Yisrael is like the unified day

Yisrael can refer to a part or the whole just like “yom”

Of course the ideal is the completion when Yisrael is unified – Echad

Right now Yisrael is not unified – it is not Echad

Of course, the matter is completely settled when Scriptures refer to the Holiest day of the year – Yom Kippur


The Scriptures actually define the duration of a yom, which is also a sabbath

It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict your souls; on the ninth day of the month at evening, from evening to evening, you shall celebrate your sabbath.”

Leviticus 23:32

Now we know that Yom Kippur falls on Day 10 of Month 7

“Also the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the Day of Atonement. It shall be a holy convocation for you; you shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire to YHWH.”

Leviticus 23:27

This is a critical day to be afflicting your being so the Scriptures are very clear about what constitutes the full day

It begins at sunset on the Ninth Day – the evening of the ninth day and extends to the evening of the tenth day

Evening to evening – erev to erev – darkness to darkness

The earth began in darkness and light was spoken into the darkness

This is the pattern that was established in the beginning.

So a day begins in the evening, after the sun has set and continues through the complete cycle of a whole day until the next day begins after the following sunset


There are many other Scriptures, when read in context, that clearly reveal a day ends at sunset and a new day begins after sunset

For instance, in Mark 1:32 we read about people bringing the sick and demon possessed for healing after the Sabbath was over, and the text specifically points out that it was “at evening, when the sun had set” Mark 1:32

The people would have waited until after the Sabbath was over to bring all of the sick to Shimon and Andrews house

An examination of the Scriptures clearly confirms that a day ends at sunset and begins after sunset – as long as you read passages in their proper context